prunus cerasus morello

The Morello cherry ripens in mid to late summer, toward the end of August in southern England. The hybrids then stabilised and interbred to form a new, distinct species.[7]. The hybrids then stabilized and interbred to form a new, distinct species. Prunus cerasus (sour cherry, tart cherry, or dwarf cherry) is a species of Prunus in the subgenus Cerasus (), native to much of Europe and southwest Asia.It is closely related to the sweet cherry (Prunus avium), but has a fruit that is more acidic.Its sour pulp is edible. During spring, flowers should be protected, and trees weeded, mulched and sprayed with natural seaweed solution. Prunus cerasus 'Morello'. [10], Some cultivars of sour cherry trees, such as Montmorency and North Star, have been documented to perform better than other cherry trees in Colorado's Front Range region. There are about 270 varieties of sour cherries, a few of which are of commercial importance (eg, Montmorency, Richmond, English Morello, Balaton). Variety or Cultivar 'Morello' _ 'Morello' is an upright, deciduous fruit tree with ovate to oblong, toothed, dark green leaves turning orange and red in autumn and nodding, white flowers in spring followed by large, glossy, edible, sour, dark red fruit ready for harvest in mid- to late summer. The fruit remains popular in modern-day Iran. Prunus fruticosa is believed to have provided its smaller size and sour tasting fruit. A particular use of sour cherries is in the production of kriek lambic, a cherry-flavored variety of a naturally fermented beer made in Belgium. Prunus cerasus (sour cherry,[3] tart cherry, or dwarf cherry[4]) is a species of Prunus in the subgenus Cerasus (cherries), native to much of Europe and southwest Asia. They became a popular crop amongst Kentish growers, and by 1640 over two dozen named cultivars were recorded. For other uses, see, illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen 1897, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://www.oakgov.com/msu/Documents/publications/oc0089_cherries.pdf, "Finally, a list of trees that thrive along Colorado's Front Range", "Growing cherries on the Colorado Front Range", "Major Food And Agricultural Commodities And Producers – Countries By Commodity", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_cerasus&oldid=985786102, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, * = Unofficial figure | [ ] = Official data | A = May include official, semi-official or estimated data, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 23:09. Sour cherries or sour cherry syrup are used in liqueurs and drinks, such as the Portuguese ginjinha. The Morello cherry ripens in mid to late summer, toward the end of August in southern England. In summer, fruit should be protected with netting. Sour cherries require similar cultivation conditions to pears, that is, they prefer a rich, well-drained, moist soil, although they demand more nitrogen and water than sweet cherries. The tree is smaller than the sweet cherry (growing to a height of 4–10 m), has twiggy branches, and its crimson-to-near-black cherries are borne upon shorter stalks. Dried sour cherries are used in cooking including soups, pork dishes, cakes, tarts, and pies. It is closely related to the sweet cherry (Prunus avium), but has a fruit that is more acidic. Prunus Prunus. Cultivated sour cherries were selected from wild specimens of Prunus cerasus and the doubtfully distinct P. acida from around the Caspian and Black Seas, and were known to the Greeks in 300 BC. Pollination; Cultivars of this species were being grown in the 16th century, and it is one of the parents of the Morello Cherry. Prunus cerasus 'Morello' Other names. They were also extremely popular with Persians and the Romans who introduced them into Britain long before the 1st century AD. It is self-fertile, and would be a good pollenizer for other varieties if it did not flower so late in the season. Morello cherry trees fruit on younger wood than sweet varieties, and thus can be pruned harder. Unlike most sweet cherry varieties, sour cherries are self fertile or self pollenizing (sometimes inaccurately referred to as self-pollinating). They are usually grown as standards, but can be fan trained, cropping well even on cold walls, or grown as low bushes.[9]. [6], Prunus cerasus, a tetraploid with 2n=32 chromosomes, is thought to have originated as a natural hybrid between Prunus avium and Prunus fruticosa in the Iranian Plateau or Eastern Europe where the two species come into contact. In areas where pollinators are scarce, growers find that stocking beehives in orchards improves yields. Before the Second World War there were more than fifty cultivars of sour cherry in cultivation in England; today, however, few are grown commercially, and despite the continuation of named cultivars such as 'Kentish Red', 'Amarelles', 'Griottes' and 'Flemish', only the generic Morello is offered by most nurseries. The plant is self-fertile. When harvesting fruit, they should be cut from the tree rather than risking damage by pulling the stalks. Prunus Prunus. 0 Ratings From Yugoslavia, this Morello type cherry has dark red skin and flesh. [14], "Amarelle" redirects here. Most populations have been deliberately planted, rather than bird-sown. In Britain, their cultivation was popularised in the 16th century in the time of. A particular use of sour cherries is in the production of kriek lambic, a cherry-flavored variety of a naturally fermented beer made in Belgium. (Sour/Tart) Add to wishlist Find my local retailer. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Variety or Cultivar. This is also the time when any required pruning should be carried out (note that cherries should not be pruned during the dormant winter months). Sour cherries require similar cultivation conditions to pears, that is, they prefer a rich, well-drained, moist soil, although they demand more nitrogen and water than sweet cherries. In Turkey, Greece and Cyprus, sour cherries are especially prized for making spoon sweets by slowly boiling pitted sour cherries and sugar; the syrup thereof is used for vişne şurubu or vyssináda, a beverage made by diluting the syrup with ice-cold water. As noted above, research in progress exists that is exploring whether sour cherries have a significant benefit in several medical applications (anti-inflammation, and anti-microbial effects) that is much greater than that of the species in general.

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